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Epilepsy and paroxysmal conditions

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Characteristics of vascular endothelium in young patients with epilepsy

https://doi.org/10.17749/2077-8333.2018.10.3.014-018

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Abstract

The objective was to study the state of vascular walls in young patients at various stages and various courses of epilepsy.

Materialsand methods. We examined 62 patients of young age with focal symptomatic and cryptogenic epilepsy for hanges in their blood vessels. Photoplethysmography combined with a non-invasive diagnostic system (“Angioscan Electronics”, Russia) were used. The patients were divided into 3 groups: 1) patients after a single (first) epileptic seizure; 2) patients with remission; 3) patients with treatment-resistant seizures.

Results. We found no structural changes in their blood vessels. However, the occlusion test showed changes in the functional state of large muscle arteries in all groups of epileptic patients. In addition, changes in microcirculatory beds were detected in patients after a single seizure and in those resistant to treatment. Patients after single epileptic seizures showed the largest changes in small resistance arteries and arterioles.

Conclusion. The results suggest that functional characteristics of vascular endothelium change in young patients suffering from epilepsy.

About the Authors

A. I. Fedin
N I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

Fedin Anatoly Ivanovich - MD, PhD, Professor and Head, Department of Neurology, Faculty of Advanced Medical Studies.

1 Ostrovityanova Str., Moscow 117997, tel.: +7(495)370-00-11



E. V. Starykh
N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

Starykh Elena Vladimirovna - MD, PhD, Professor at the Department of Neurology, Faculty of Advanced Medical Studies.

1 Ostrovityanova Str., Moscow 117997



O. A. Baranova
N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

Baranova Olga Alexandrovna - PhD (Biology), Head of Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Faculty of Advanced Medical Studies.

1 Ostrovityanova Str., Moscow 117997



A. V. Chekanov
N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

Chekanov Andrey Vasilyevich - PhD (Biology), Head of Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Faculty of Advanced Medical Studies.

1 Ostrovityanova Str., Moscow 117997



D. V. Torshin
City Clinical Hospital No. 13 of the Moscow City Health Department
Russian Federation

Torshin Dmitry Vladimirovich - MD, Neurologist.

1/1 VelozavodskayaStr., Moscow115280



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For citation:


Fedin A.I., Starykh E.V., Baranova O.A., Chekanov A.V., Torshin D.V. Characteristics of vascular endothelium in young patients with epilepsy. Epilepsy and paroxysmal conditions. 2018;10(3):14-18. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17749/2077-8333.2018.10.3.014-018

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ISSN 2077-8333 (Print)
ISSN 2311-4088 (Online)