Epilepsy and paroxysmal conditions

Advanced search



Abstract: this article discusses the unique features of the structural-functional organization of the visual distance perception which in contrast to other distant sensory systems has not only afferent but also efferent part – the frontal visual field and, smooth and stripy muscles of the eye which accordingly service of the visual function. The article shows the increasing importance of the efferent part of the visual system in the present conditions of real and virtual movements of visual objects. The case of photosensitivity in epilepsy proves the fact that the efferent part of the visual system can react in a protective way to the rhythmic photo-stimulation.

About the Author

V. A. Karlov
Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry
Russian Federation


1. Anokhin P.K. The problem of center and periphery in the physiology of nervous activity [Problema tsentra i periferii v fiziologii nervnoi deyatelnosti]. Gorky. 1935.

2. Bernshtein N.A. On the construction of movements [O postroenii dvizhenii]. Moscow. 1947.

3. Zenkov L.R. Neparoksizmalnye epileptic disorders [Neparoksizmalnye epilepticheskie rasstroistva]. Moscow. 2007.

4. Karlov V.A. Neurology person [Nevrologiya litsa]. Moscow. 1991.

5. Karlov V.A., Andreeva O.V. Stimulsensitivnaya epilepsy [Stimulsensitivnaya epilepsiya]. Moscow. 2006.

6. Kakhal S.R. Autobiography. Edited by FW Smoljaninova and DS Sarkisov. Per. from English. VS Solovyov [Avtobiografiya. Pod redaktsiei F.V. Smolyaninova i D.S. Sarkisova. Per. s angl. V.S. Soloveva]. Moscow. 1985.

7. Sepp E.K. History of the development of the nervous system of vertebrates [Istoriya razvitiya nervnoi sistemy pozvonochnykh]. Moscow. 1946.

8. Binnie C.D., Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenite D.G., De Korte R. Photosensitivity as a model for acute antiepileptic drug studies. EEG Clin Neurophysiol. 1986; 63: 45-31.

9. Binnie C.D., Jeavons P.M. Photosensitive epilepsies. In: Roger J., Bureau M., Dravet C. et al. Epileptic syndromes in infancy, childhood and adolescence. John Libbey. 1992: 299-305.

10. Clarc D.L., Boutros N.N., Menrers M.F. The Brain and Behavior. An introduction to Behavioral Neuroanatomy. Third Edition. Cambridge University Press. 2010.

11. Gooding D.C., Basso M.A. The tell-tale task: Review of saccadic research in psychiatric patient population. Brain Cogn. 2008; 68: 371-390.

12. Haxby P.L. Functional anatomy of pursuit eye movements in human as revealed by fVRI. J Neurophysiol. 1999; 82: 463-471.

13. Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenite D.G., Guerrini R., Colin D et at al. Visual sensitivity and epilepsy: a proposal terminology and classification for clinical and EEG pheno­menology. Epilepsia. 2001; 42: 692-701.

14. Lu Y., Walz S., Stenzel K. et al. Epileptic Disord. Photosensitivity in epileptic syndromes of childhood and alolescence. 2008; 10: 136-143.

15. Rosano C., Crisky C.M., Welling J.S. et al. Pursuit and saccades eye movement subregion in humans frontal eye field: a high resolution fMRI investigation. Cerebr Cortex. 2002; 12: 107-116.

16. Selemon L.D., Rajkowska G., Goldman-Rakic P.S. Abnormally high neuronal density in two widespread areas of the schizophrenic cortex. A morphometric analysis of prefrontal area 9 and occipital area 17. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1995; 52: 808-818.

17. Verotti A., Beccaria F., Flori F. et al. Photosensitivity: epidemiology, genetics, clinical manifestation, assessment, and management. Epileptic Disord. 2012; 14: 149-62.

18. Walz S., Christen H.J., Doose H. The different patterns of the photoparoxysmal response: a genetic study. Electroenceph Clin Neurophysiol. 1992; 83: 138-145.

19. Wilkins A., Bonnani P., Porerati V., Guerrini R. Physiology of human photosensitivity. Epilepsia. 2004; 45 (1): 7-13.

20. Wolf P., Goosses R. Relation of photosen­sitivity to epileptic syndromes. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatr. 1986; 49: 1386-1391.

21. Zifkin B.G., Andernann F. Reflex seizures. Willie E. (Ed.).The Treatment of Epilepsy, Principles and Practics. Baltimor. 1977: 573-583.


For citations:

Karlov V.A. PHOTOSENSITIVE EPILEPSY, OCCIPITAL AND FRONTAL CORTEX. Epilepsy and paroxysmal conditions. 2014;6(4):31-36. (In Russ.)

Views: 523

ISSN 2077-8333 (Print)
ISSN 2311-4088 (Online)