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ЕPILEPTIC SEIZURES IN PATIENTS WITH CRANIOVERTEBRAL JUNCION ANOMALY

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Abstract

Purpose: Studing seizure in patients with Chiari I malformation. Methods: 111 patients (58 females, 53 males) with Arnold-Chiari I malformation and epilepsy were examined with cognitive and behavioral examinations, EEG, MRI. Results: Patients with Arnold-Chiari I malformation have been next forms epilepsy: symptomatic epilepsy – 53,9%, cryptogenic epilepsy – 43,4%, juvenile мyoclonic epilepsy – 0,9%, juvenile absence epilepsy – 1,8%. The neurological symptoms were: cranial nerve dysfunction – 27%, the pyramidal symptoms – 12,6%, cerebellar symptoms – 0,9% and 59,5% patients have not neurological signs. The radiological features are: association of small posterior cranial fossa volume and Arnold-Chiari I malformation – 6%, association basilar impression and Arnold-Chiari I malformation with small posterior cranial fossa volume – 2%, basilar impression and Arnold-Chiari I malformation – 1%. Conclusion. The Arnold-Chiari I malformation, basilar impression and small posterior cranial fossa volume are anatomic finds in the MRI examinations in patients with epilepsy.

About the Author

M. R. Yarmuchametova
GUZ Republicon clinical hospital, Ministry of Health of Republic of Tatarstan
Russian Federation


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For citation:


Yarmuchametova M.R. ЕPILEPTIC SEIZURES IN PATIENTS WITH CRANIOVERTEBRAL JUNCION ANOMALY. Epilepsy and paroxysmal conditions. 2010;2(4):37-40. (In Russ.)

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ISSN 2077-8333 (Print)
ISSN 2311-4088 (Online)