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Epilepsia and paroxysmal conditions

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Vol 3, No 1 (2011)

SCIENTIFIC SURVEYS

6-9 105
Abstract
This review presents current data over the efficacy and tolerability of the anti-epileptic drug Topamax (topiramate). Based on the literature data, Topamax was recognized as a medication for treatment of focal and generalized epilepsy, as well as a host of epileptic syndromes. Topamax can be a first-choice drug for both the initial treatment and combination therapy during management of epilepsy in adult and pediatric patients.

DISTINCTIVE ARTICLES

10-16 73
Abstract
The efficiency of pregabalin in 49 patients, aged from 18 to 69 years of old, after surgical treatment on account of gliomas of the cerebral hemispheres (I-IV WHO) during radiotherapy in 2006-2010 has been studied. The first group consisted of 24 (48.9%) patients. They had their epileptic seizures before surgery. The second group - 17 (34,7%) - the first attacks occurred against the background of the radiotherapy. The third group - 8 (16,3%) - they have noted the reinforcement or the appearance of epileptiform against the background of the radiotherapy. Taking into account that conducted previously antiepileptic therapy by anticonvulsant was inefficient, pregabalin was used in the mode of polytherapy. Pregabalin doses ranged from 150 to 450 mg / cut. The clinical effect in the form of deceleration of seizures in groups I and II is marked by 3-5 day, p = 0.043. The positive dynamics in the form of reduction or regression of epileptiform activity on EEG was recorded in the period of 7-10 days after the starting the therapy by pregabalin. All patients assessed the level of pain using a ten-point visual analog scale. In this case, a statistically significant difference in the scoring level of pain on the background radiation therapy and receiving pregabalin (p = 0.007) was recognized. All patients completed a course of radiotherapy. «Retention rates» in treatment of pregabalin on the background of the radiotherapy and the next 30 days after discharge from the hospital was 87%.
20-26 152
Abstract
This review considers the present model of epileptogenesis, describes the changes of brain structure during ontogeny, as well as a possible mechanism of seizures aggravation during therapy with carbamazepine. Special attention is paid to the GABA-ergic neurotransmission and the advisability of a carbamazepine, depending on age, gender, and physiological factors

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ISSN 2077-8333 (Print)
ISSN 2311-4088 (Online)